Greyhound-racing is an aggressive sport in which dogs compete by running around a track. Greyhound-races allow spectators to place wagers on their favorite dog. The dogs, usually eight dogs, chase a windsock (shaped like a rabbit) around the track to a finish line. The winners are categorized in win, place, and show with other bets being placed on quinella (win + place) and trifecta (win+place+show).Greyhound-racing is part of the gambling business but less profitable than horse racing. Seven states in The United States have legal greyhound-racing including in alphabetical order Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Iowa, Texas, and West Virginia. In thirty-nine states, greyhound-racing is illegal and the lack of profits have made it not worthwhile in the rest of the country. Florida has twelve of the nation’s 22 dog tracks. In Florida, dog racing must be held on-site at the tracks in order for the tracks to keep their gambling permits. Betting on greyhound-racing is done at the track before any race starts.
Greyhound-racing around the world
Greyhound-racing is an amateur sport in many countries, done only for enjoyment. The countries where a gambling industry of greyhound-racing is prominent are Australia, Ireland, Mexico, The United Kingdom, and Spain. The modern form of greyhound-racing around an oval track came about with the invention of a mechanical rabbit by Owen Patrick Smith in 1912. Smith was an American who intended to stop The killing of jack rabbits formerly used in racing. Parimutuel betting on greyhound-racing came about in 1930’s America.
The round track and the mechanical rabbit came to Britain in 1926 with another American, Charles Munn, who in association with Major Lyne-Dixson, a Canadian, expected to find it easy to introduce The sport. They didn’t find supporters as quickly as they had assumed because of The General Strike on looming in 1926. They eventually found one other supporter, Brigadier General Critchley, and Critchley introduced them to Sir William Gentle. Together they raised £22,000 and launched the Greyhound Racing Association. The industry was successful in Great Britain, and by The end of 1927, There were forty tracks there. Betting has always been The Major reason for Greyhound racing.
Present Day Greyhound Racing
Today There are several precedents for greyhound-racing including professional racing kennels, The presence of commercial racing tracks where The host state shares in gambling profits, fees are charged to participants, a number of dogs qualified to race, an official racing code, and membership in The trade association.There are at least 21 countries where dog racing occurs but has not reached The commercial standard of eight countries that host The event regularly.
Doping has materialized in dog racing causing problems for the tracks and the dog owners. The racing business is working to prevent the spread of cheating by drugs. Urine samples are taken from all the dogs that are racing. Violations carry criminal penalties and loss of a license. They are also banned from The National Greyhound Association. The trainer is always responsible for any positive doping results.
A Dog’s Life after Racing
The greyhound’s racing career is over between ages of four and six. He loses his edge and is no longer race worthy. The champion racers are kept for breeding, The rest are put up for adoption. 90% of retired greyhounds are adopted, but some are sold to research labs and some destroyed. Private adoption groups help to keep The animals alive and healthy. ASPCA and The Humane Society are opposed to greyhound-racing due to The industry’s standard practices and say that the industry is cruel.
The future of greyhound-racing
In Florida, where 12 of The 22 tracks for greyhound-racing are still operating, profits are dropping. Between 1990 and 2013, The amount gambled in Florida shrunk by 72%. The state is reported to have lost an estimated $3.3 million on greyhound-racing. Between 2001 and 2011, greyhound-racing bets declined by 67% in the United States.
Although a lot of old gamblers will be sorry to see one of their favorite sports go away, they will probably have to start betting the quinellas and trifectas at Jai Lai.